The city will never decline when the mines are exh

2022-06-23
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Shizuishan is one of the top ten coal industrial bases in China during the first five year plan period. With the increasing depletion of coal resources, Shizuishan City has taken industrial transformation and structural adjustment as its main direction of attack, exploring a unique road for the transformation of resource exhausted cities

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for a resource-based city, how should the city develop when resources are exhausted? In addition to the plight of economic development, the ecological environment debt caused by long-term mining has also increased the difficulty for the green transformation of the city. This edition will launch a series of reports on "beautiful China · green transformation of resource exhausted cities" from now on, with an exclusive interview with the relevant person in charge of the revitalization Department of the national development and Reform Commission, and on-the-spot visits to Anhui, Shaanxi and other places to discuss how resource exhausted cities can carry out ecological restoration and make up for ecological arrears, and pay attention to the progress of these cities in promoting green transformation

"coal city" Fuxin, "Tongdu" Daye "and" Xidu "Gejiu... In the history of urban development, there is a kind of city that thrives because of resources, but when resources are exhausted, cities must seek the road of transformation and rebirth

in the process of transforming nature, people will not only obtain resources, but also damage the ecological environment. For these cities, along with their economic development, they often face bottlenecks, as well as historical environmental debts caused by resource exploitation

in 2008, 2009 and 2011, the state identified 69 resource exhausted cities in three batches. Over the past 10 years, how can these cities adjust measures to local conditions, constantly explore resource-saving and environment-friendly development models, and repair and improve the ecological environment? An exclusive interview was made with the relevant person in charge of the revitalization Department of the national development and Reform Commission

resource dependence has been reduced, and energy conservation and emission reduction have been promoted in an orderly manner.

Rome wasn't built in a day. It is very difficult to restore the ecology of resource exhausted cities. Despite many difficulties, in the past 10 years, in order to realize the green transformation of industry and restore ecology, all parties have made concerted efforts to promote resource exhausted cities to solve problems step by step from top-level design to grass-roots exploration

according to the relevant person in charge of the revitalization Department of the national development and Reform Commission, in order to promote the green transformation and development of resource exhausted cities, the national development and Reform Commission has successively formulated several policy documents, such as several opinions on promoting the sustainable development of resource-based cities, the national sustainable development plan of resource-based cities, the guiding opinions on further promoting the reconstruction and relocation of independent industrial and mining areas in Northeast China, and accelerating the comprehensive treatment of coal mining subsidence areas, We strengthened top-level design for the transformation of resource-based regions and effectively guided policies. Meanwhile, in recent years, the central government has allocated a large number of financial transfer payment funds to effectively support the transformation and development of resource exhausted cities

with the sustained and strong support of the state, the green transformation of resource exhausted cities has achieved phased results, such as the continuous improvement of economic structure and the decreasing dependence of regional economic development on resources. From the average level of each city, the proportion of the output value of leading resources in the total industrial output value has dropped by half compared with 10 years ago, and the industrial structure has changed from "one industry dominating" to "multi-point support". For example, the proportion of the output value of the coal mining industry in the total industrial output value in Wansheng District of Chongqing has dropped from the highest 72% in history to 5%

the urban and rural landscape continued to improve, and the ecological environment gradually improved. The comprehensive utilization capacity of resource exhausted urban sewage treatment and general industrial solid waste has been continuously improved, air quality has been continuously optimized, energy conservation and emission reduction have been orderly promoted, and mine treatment has been deepened. The environmental control rate of mines left over from history has increased by an average of 20 percentage points, and the hidden dangers of major geological disasters that threaten the lives of the people have been effectively controlled. Jiawang District, Xuzhou, pays attention to green development and turns the burden into resources in the treatment of coal mining subsidence land. It has successively implemented Pan'an lake and other subsidence land treatment projects, with a total of 82 coal mining subsidence land projects and a treatment area of 69200 mu. Wuhai City, Inner Mongolia, has implemented the afforestation project under the extremely fragile natural ecological conditions, opening up oasis cities in the desert, and the green coverage rate of the built-up area has reached 43%

precise implementation of policies and ecological restoration according to local conditions

although all cities are resource exhausted, the specific ecological problems and financial situation faced by each city are very different, which requires accurate pulse and measurement in the process of transformation, and the limited funds should be used on the cutting edge

it is understood that in order to strengthen the supervision and guidance on the transformation of resource exhausted cities and improve the efficiency of the use of central financial transfer payments, the national development and Reform Commission, together with the Ministry of finance, the former Ministry of land and resources and the National Bureau of statistics, has carried out the annual performance evaluation of the transformation of resource exhausted cities since 2013. Up to now, it has been carried out for five consecutive years, effectively promoted the transformation of resource exhausted cities and explored effective experiences and practices, Gradually improved the support mechanism with clear rewards and punishments

10 years ago, resource exhausted cities have explored their own unique models on the road of ecological transformation

for example, taking environmental protection as the core, we should pay close attention to the comprehensive improvement of the environment in the mining area, promote the comprehensive treatment of coal mining subsidence areas according to local conditions, implement measures such as land reclamation, land reclamation and ecological land repair, adhere to green development, and build an ecologically livable city

in promoting the transformation of resource exhausted cities, we should focus on cultivating alternative industries, accelerate the upgrading of the industrial structure of resource exhausted cities, and further enhance the driving force for the transformation of old and new kinetic energy. Single structure and single model will affect the accuracy of the experimental results and cannot support the development of a city. In order to achieve transformation and development, it is necessary to create a number of continuous and alternative industrial clusters with obvious characteristic advantages, advanced technology and strong competitiveness. In the past three years, the annual average growth rate of the 3D printing market has been 27.4%. The idea of multi industry development, multi-point support and diversified development has been adopted to avoid "mining exhaustion and urban decline" A series of problems such as ecological deterioration and environmental damage

develop channels in various ways to solve the problem of fund shortage for environmental governance

the relevant person in charge of the revitalization Department of the national development and Reform Commission said that promoting the transformation and development of resource exhausted cities is a long-term and complex systematic project. At present, it is at the critical stage of climbing over the barrier, and there are still problems such as weak foundation for transformation and development, low quality of development, and weak endogenous power. The transformation of resource exhausted cities still faces many challenges

the problems left over by history are deep-seated and difficult to resolve. For example, in recent years, resource exhausted cities have continued to promote the ecological environment renovation, and the treatment of key pollution sources has achieved good results, but the rest are "hard bones", which is difficult to solve

the transformation of resource-based cities is facing increasingly serious financial pressure. In resource exhausted cities, local financial resources are generally insufficient. It is difficult to support the development of alternative leading industries, and it is difficult to bear the investment in urban infrastructure, subsidence area management and environmental and ecological management. They will continue to help entrepreneurs show their products and services to global customers in the most perfect situation

local governments are exploring channels in various ways and raising funds by themselves to relieve financial pressure. Huaibei City, Anhui Province, has adopted PPP project financing, absorbed 2.2 billion yuan of social funds, invested in the governance of Zhonghu lake, restored 24500 mu of land, including 8000 mu of construction land, 500 mu of newly increased arable land, 16000 mu of ecological green space, and built a medium-sized plain reservoir with a total water storage capacity of 38.6 million cubic meters. Calculated at 800000 yuan per mu, its potential economic value is about 20billion yuan, with an input-output ratio of 1:9. It has not only repaired the ecological environment, but also expanded the urban space, with remarkable ecological, social and economic benefits

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